How to file consumer complaints in Delhi

Comprehensive Guide to Filing Consumer Complaints in Delhi


In Delhi, the process of filing consumer complaints is streamlined to ensure justice for consumers who face issues with defective goods or deficient services. This guide provides an in-depth look into how consumers, whether individuals or entities, can navigate the system effectively.

Understanding Eligibility for Filing Complaints

Who Can File a Complaint?

A complaint in Delhi can be filed by a wide range of complainants including:

  • Consumers directly affected by the purchase of goods or services
  • Firms, whether registered or not
  • Individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs)
  • Cooperative societies and associations of persons
  • The Central or State Government
  • Legal heirs or representatives in the event of a consumer’s death

This inclusive approach ensures that all parties affected by consumer issues can seek redress.

Documents Required for Filing a Complaint

To file a complaint, the complainant needs to submit several key documents alongside the complaint form:

  • Proof of purchase or service agreements, such as cash memos, receipts, and contracts
  • Three copies of the complaint document for official use, plus additional copies depending on the number of Opposite Parties involved

These documents are crucial as they provide evidence supporting the complaint.

Fee Structure for Filing Complaints

The fees associated with filing consumer complaints in Delhi vary based on the compensation claimed:

  • Up to ₹1,00,000: ₹100 fee
  • ₹1,00,000 to ₹5,00,000: ₹200 fee
  • ₹5,00,000 to ₹10,00,000: ₹400 fee
  • ₹10,00,000 to ₹20,00,000: ₹500 fee
  • ₹20,00,000 to ₹50,00,000: ₹2,000 fee, payable to the Registrar, State Commission
  • Above ₹50,00,000 to ₹1 crore: ₹4,000 fee, also payable to the Registrar, State Commission

These fees are typically paid via Postal Order or Demand Draft in favour of the respective authority.

Where and When to File a Complaint

Complaints can be filed at the Filing Counter of the State Commission from 10:30 AM to 1:30 PM on all working days. It is essential to obtain an acknowledgement of the filing date to ensure the complaint is within the statutory time limit.

Jurisdictional Guidelines for Filing Complaints

  • Up to ₹20 lakhs: Complaints should be filed at the District Forum.
  • ₹20 lakhs to ₹1 crore: These cases fall under the jurisdiction of the State Commission.
  • Above ₹1 crore: Complaints must be directed to the National Commission.

Understanding which jurisdiction your complaint falls under is crucial for proper filing.

Process for Filing Appeals

If a complainant is dissatisfied with the decision of the District Forum, they may file an appeal with the State Commission within 30 days of the order. Appeals require:

  • A legibly written or typed memorandum of appeal
  • A certified copy of the District Forum’s order
  • Supporting documents for the grounds of appeal
  • In cases of late filing, an affidavit explaining the reasons for the delay

Appeals also must be accompanied by a statutory deposit which is the lesser of fifty percent of the awarded amount or ₹25,000.


Filing a consumer complaint in Delhi is a structured process designed to address grievances effectively. By understanding the eligibility, required documentation, fees, and jurisdictional guidelines, consumers can ensure their complaints are filed correctly and efficiently. Whether it’s a straightforward complaint or an appeal against a prior decision, the Delhi State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission provides a clear pathway for seeking justice in consumer matters.

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