Google Doodle paid tribute to Zitkala-sa, a member of the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota and a writer, musician and activist on his 145th birthday on Monday.
Born on February 22, 1876, Zitkala-sa assimilated into European American culture through writing and political activism. To preserve the traditional stories of his people, he published the anthology Old Indian Legends in 1901 and in 1913 wrote the first native American opera, The Sun Dance.
He also co-founded the National Council of American Indians in 1926 to obtain full US citizenship rights, and served as its first president until his death. She was instrumental in the passage of the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 and the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, which enhanced Native American self-governance.
After his death on January 26, 1938, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia.