In epidemic-free yearsAmerica’s largest trade show, CES, attracts more than 170,000 attendees, causing day and night jams on the streets. To help absorb at least some of the crowd, the Las Vegas Convention Center (LVCC) planned a people-mover last year to serve an expanded campus. LVCC wanted transit that could go up to 4,400 attendees every hour between the exhibition hall and the parking lot.
It considered traditional light rail that could shuttle hundreds of attendees per train, but instead settled on the underground system from Elon Musk’s The Boring Company (TBC) – largely because Musk’s bid was millions of dollars cheaper. The LVCC loop will carry attendees through two 0.8-mile underground tunnels in four or five Tesla vehicles at a time.
But the scheme of files reviewed by ClearTips indicates that the loop system will not be able to go anywhere near the number of people who want LVCC and TBC has agreed to it.
Fire regulations introduce 800 passengers an hour to the load and unload zones at one of the loop’s three stations. If the limits at other stations are the same, the system may only be able to transport 1,200 people in an hour – around a quarter of its proposed capacity.
If TBC misses its performance target by such a margin, Musk’s company will not receive more than $ 13 million of its construction budget – and will face millions in penalty charges once the system is operational. .
Neither TBC nor LVCVA responded to many requests for comment.
LVC always felt that it was taking a gamble on the loop. Although Musk built a small demonstration tunnel near Los Angeles, it would be the first public system with real customers and service needs. An analysis by Las Vegas Mayor Carolyn Goodman in May 2019 concluded that TBC’s unproven system presented a high risk to the original body of the LVCC, the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority (LVCVA).
So when LCVCA wrote its contract with the boring company, It tried its best to encourage Musk to fulfill his promises. The contract will be for a fixed price, and TBC will have to hit specific milestones to receive all its payments. When bare tunnels are completed, which can now occur on any day, TBC must have earned more than 30% of the total. The next major milestone is the completion of the entire work system, which will result in over $ 10 million in payments.
This was supposed to happen by October 1, so that the system would be ready for the next CES show in January. Although CES 2021 has now become virtual and Musk has less time for delivery, he is likely to pay.
In a tweet this week, Elon Musk It is written that the system will open “Maybe a month or so. Some finishing touches need to be done at stations. “
After a test period and another milestone for the completion of a safety report, the system’s final three milestones are related to how many passengers. If Loop can demonstrate transferring 2,200 passengers an hour, TBC will receive $ 4.4 million, then the same payment for more than 3,300, and the same again for 4,400 passengers an hour. Together, these capacity payments represent 30% of the fixed price contract.
Even if TBC acquired those numbers during testing, LVCVA worried that it might not be able to maintain them once the system was operational, so it added another requirement: “[TBC] Apply to liquidate liquidated [TBC’s] Failure to provide system capacity for full facility trade show events. “
For every major business that TBC fails to transport an average capacity of 3,960 passengers per hour for 13 hours, it will have to pay LVCVA $ 300,000 in damages. If TBC keeps decreasing, it keeps paying up to a maximum of $ 4.5 million.
So what is stopping TBC from transporting so many people who want both it and LVCC? There are national fire safety regulations for underground transit systems that specify alarms, sprinklers, emergency exits and a maximum living load to avoid congestion in the event of a fire.
The building plan submitted by the Boring Company includes a fire code analysis for one of the above ground stations of the loop:
The above screenshot of the plan notes that passengers exit Tesla and into the area Cars have a peak occupancy load of 100 people every 7.5 minutes, which equals 800 passengers an hour. Even if other stations had a higher limit, it would limit the system’s hourly capacity to about 1,200 people.
“It feels right,” says Glenn Corbett, a professor of security, fire and emergency management at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York. “But if it’s a bottleneck, then from the security point of view the question is what controls [800 per hour]The Is it just pure honesty and people following the rules, or is there some mechanical thing that keeps them out? “
Plans to limit entry show no turnstiles or barriers.
Even without security restrictions, Loop may struggle to hit its capacity targets. Each of the 10 at Loop’s stations must handle hundreds of passengers in an hour, perhaps for 100 or more arrivals and departures, depending on how many people are carrying each car. It takes very little time to load and unload people and luggage, let alone travel 0.8 miles and occasionally recharge.
Although TBC’s Loop website Saying that the system would use autonomous vehicles, a TBC executive told a planning committee last year that cars would have human drivers for safety. “TBC had proposed to develop a large-capacity autonomous shuttle for the Loop, capable of carrying 16 people. However, the latest plans show the traditional sedan, and another Musk tweet this week accepted: “We made it very simple. It is basically just Tesla in the tunnels at this point. “
The most recent documents filed by TBC also show changes to the loop’s original design.
Flat photovoltaic canopies, with curved roofs, are now fitted with both stations above to help charge toned vehicles. These terminal stations each have a supercharger station and a “showpiece sculpture”, consisting of a concrete section used in the tunnels below.
The central and underground station has a large, open platform, and also electricity, fire protection and IT equipment. Each station will have sections for 10 Tesla vehicles for unloading and unloading passengers.
Before the first loop is operational, TBC is planning two more loop tunnels nearby, connecting LVCC with the Wynn Encore and Resorts World Casino.
The tunnel for Encore is long enough that with safety regulations requiring an emergency exit about halfway. The plans point to an emergency exit shaft and a small hatch, but it is unclear whether passengers who survive the fire or breakup will be expected to climb the stairs or even the ladder.
TBC last year suggested an emergency ladder for the proposed loop between Baltimore and Washington DC, a system that Corbett “called”definition of insanity, “Because it was not responsible for passengers with limited mobility. That project is now At a standstill.
The stated purpose of TBC is to expand the LVCC loop from a local to a Vegas-wide transit system that serves the strip, the airport, and eventually extends all the way to Los Angeles. If the company struggles to deliver capacity – and revenue – from its small-scale convention center system, the future of those ambitions may be in doubt.